Build-Out — Cities & Counties
Buildout data was based on city or county Evaluation and Assessment Reports (EARs) or from their comprehensive plan. At the beginning of the comprehensive planning process, each jurisdiction was required to document the number of dwelling units already approved under the existing comprehensive plan. Typically that information was in the EAR report, which PriceOfSprawl.com used to compute dwelling units at buildout.
All counties (except Citrus, Duval & Hernando) are unincorporated areas only. Citrus & Hernando had minimal population in incorporated areas, so we just used total county figures. Duval is consolidated city & county.
Data Not Obtained
In some cities or unincorporated counties, we did not attempt to obtain build-out because: a) they are not growing at a fast rate; or b) our goal was to obtain build-out on a sample of 100 communities in Florida, and we did not attempt to compute build-out in every community.
In other communities, we explored the planning documentation and there was not adequate information to support a computation of build-out. These communities are depicted on the complete data table as “undetermined” under the build-out column. This is further proof that politicians do not look at what they have already approved before saying “YES” to yet more residential development.
All water supply status information is based on the respective Water Management District documentation.
SJRWMD (St Johns River Water Management District)
SJRWMD reviewed water supply, proposed designating most of the district as “caution”, but did not finish the adoption of the assessment. This limbo status has existed since 2005. PriceOfSprawl.com reviewed SJRWMD documentation and statements by Hal Wilkening, director of the SJRWMD’s resource management department (article listed on Articles & Studies page) and determined that the true status is “caution”, which is designated on the website as “running low.”
NWFWMD (Northwest Florida Water Management District)
Areas designated as “running low” are due to their consumptive use permit designation as “Permit Area A” which requires a permit for “All non-exempt water uses regardless of well size or withdrawal amounts.”
SFWMD (South Florida Water Management District)
Areas designated by the SFWMD as “critical water supply problem areas” are designated as “empty” by PriceOfSprawl.com .
SWFWMD (Southwest Florida Water Management District)
Areas within SWFWMD designated as “running low” or “empty” are based on the designations by the WMD as either “water use caution areas” or “most impacted areas”.
SRWMD (Suwannee River Water Management District)
SRWMD’s biggest public drinking water supply issue is the withdrawal by adjacent WMDs that draw down their drinking water supply because of the inner connectedness of the Aquifer contiguous to several WMDs.
Central Florida Coordination Area (CFCA)
This is an area that spans parts of SJRWMD, SFWMD, and SWFWMD that, due to the low drinking water supply in conjunction with pumping for population growth has been targeted for special coordination efforts between the WMDs related to water supply estimation and water supply projects. After 2013, no increases in pumping from Aquifers in this area will be allowed. Based on this focus, the CFCA is designated as “empty” by PriceOfSprawl.com.
Gross Public Supply Water Use Per Capita: USGS 2005, updated 2013.
Household Size and School Age Children
Bureau of Economic and Business Review (BEBR) computations from the 2010 Census. City projections were allocated in proportion to the percent of county population comprised by that city.
Property Value Decline
Federal Housing Finance Agency: They finance existing homes under Fannie Mae & Freddie Mac.
Education Costs per Student
Florida Department of Education; School Business Services; Office of Funding and Financial Reporting.
Financial Profiles of Florida School Districts: 2012–2013 Financial Data Statistical Report February 2014.
Total costs is per year.
Transportation Costs per Dwelling Unit
US Department of Transportation; Impact Fee Studies for 5 Florida Counties — 4 studies done by Duncan & Assoc; one by Dr. James Nicholas from University of Florida.